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Trips to Cuba, Baracoa

Trips to Cuba. Baracoa offers an invaluable treasure in its history, culture and traditions. It belongs to the easternmost province of Cuba. Its inhabitants still have aboriginal features. The city is accessed through a serpentine road through the mountains, La Farola. It has 11 suspension bridges and its highest point is Altos de Cotilla. This is 600 m above sea level. On this road, is held annually a marathon race.

Easy Booking Cuba offers you a small travel guide to guide you in Baracoa. The city is bathed by the Miel river and surrounded by mountains. It is known as: “city landscape” and “the city of rain”. Others name it are “city of mountains”, “the city of waters” and “the city of chocolate“. But referring to the term arawaco Baracoa means “presence of the sea”. If you travel by rental car you can visit with more time each place of interest.

trip to baracoa. the farmer house
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, the Farmer House

Origins of Baracoa.

Its mountains are one of the nuclei of the flora and fauna of the Caribbean. The Territory included among the 34 “hot” biodiversity points of the planet. The waters of the Toa River (the largest in Cuba) and its 70 tributaries run through its lands.

French and Haitians settled in the area between the late eighteenth century and until 1804. They promoted the production of honey and coconut oil. They developed in addition the harvest of cocoa, banana and coffee. Leaving his printing press in agriculture and customs.

World Heritage.

The Alejandro de Humboldt National Park, includes part of the province of Holguín and Guantánamo. It is one of the most important parks in the Caribbean. It owes its name to the German scientist Alejandro de Humboldt, who visited the island twice.

The park has a high degree of conservation. It is considered one of the highest density of vegetation and endemic species in the world. In this place are the 2% of the world flora. Constitutes the basic nucleus of the Toa’s Blades, Biosphere Reserve. It was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site in 2001.

The French Tumba, the plantations and ruins of the Cafetal La Indiana, in Yateras; they were also declared a World Heritage.

The historic center of Baracoa, El Yunque (symbol of the city) received the title of National Monument.

Foundation of Baracoa.

trip to baracoa. fondation of city
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, fondation of City.

Our Lady of the Assumption of Baracoa, was the oldest of the villas. It was founded by Diego Velázquez on August 15, 1511. It was the first capital until 1515, when the capital was moved to Santiago de Cuba. In 1518 he received the appointment of city and was designated his local church headquarters of the Cuban Bishopric.

Touristic interest in Trips to Cuba.

Like other villas, it was the object of constant attacks by corsairs and pirates. For this reason the conquerors built several fortresses, such as: Matachín, La Punta and Castillo Seboruco. Preserved until today and being one of the main attractions.

This region is known for its musical genres. Changüí, nengón and quiribá. Legendary roots are Cuban. La Tumba Francesa is a folkloric dance brought by Haitian immigrants, declared a World Heritage.

Guantánamo people are recognized throughout the world, by the famous song Guantanamera. Composed in 1928 by Joseíto Fernández.

What to eat in your trips to Cuba. Baracoa.

Baracoa is famous for its particular dishes, such as: the bacán (a type of green banana tamale). The ajiaco is also recognized, the fish cooked in milk. You can find the cone (grated coconut candy and pineapple, packed in a cone made of yagua).

The symbol of the fauna of Baracoa is undoubtedly the Polymita picta. A kind of snail recognized for its extraordinary variations and combinations of colors of its shell. Six different species have been found. According to legend, an aboriginal chief wanted to give a gift to a beautiful woman. He went out to take the color of the sun, the green of the mountains. And even the pink of the flowers and the white foam of the sea. But when taking the blue of the sky, he was surprised by the darkness, he had to take the black of the night.

Matachín Fortress.

trip to baracoa. fortress matachin.
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, fortress Matachin.

Northwest of the city, crossing the inlet of the Miel River. Right in front of the old Majana fortress, stands the Matachin Fortress. Built in 1802, second construction by Royal Decree. It is known as Matachin since the early ninth century. Because each day two bulls were slaughtered to feed the Spanish troops.

October 18, 1981 is inaugurated as Municipal Museum. Since then it serves to narrate the history of Cuba. There are examples of aboriginal culture, history of Russian women and dissected collections of native flora and fauna. But the best thing is the collection of the multicolored snails polymitas and the Cuban solenodon, endemic species.

Parochial Church Our Lady of the Assumption of Baracoa.

The current church, located in the Plaza Mayor on Antonio Maceo Street No 152. Built in 1807. On August 14, 1833 a meteorite fell and collapsed destroying it partially. After a long repair in 1886 at the beginning of the 20th century, two towers in the form of narrow pyramids were added.

The Cross of the Vine is its most famous object and considered National Treasure. It is the oldest historical relic of the meeting of the two cultures. Made by the men of Christopher Columbus with wood from the forests of Baracoa. Christopher Columbus himself buried it in these lands on December 1, 1492. It is the only one of its kind of the 29 located in Cuba. Also the only one in the Caribbean.

Castle Seboruco of Santa Bárbara.

It is located in the northwest part of the city. It rises to a height of 100 m above sea level next to the hill. The third tallest and most important fortress in the city in the 13th century. Started by the Spaniards in 1739 and completed by the Americans in 1900. In the 1970s, it became a hotel and was renovated in 1992. The Castle hotel is part of the tourist’s routine. From it you can appreciate a magnificent and complete view of the city.

Hotel La Rusa in your trips to Cuba. Baracoa.

trip to baracoa. the russa hotel.
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, the Russa Hotel.

In the 1920 Magdalena Menasses, later known as La Russa, arrived in Baracoa. Many speculate the reasons that the daughter of a former zar adviser could have taken refuge in this place. Some say that she came fleeing from the Russian revolution. Others tell that she was attracted by the economic advantages and time of the region. But whatever the reason, she became a celebrity.

This woman called the Russa was the model for the character of Vera in the novel The Consecration of Spring. Written by the Cuban novelist Alejo Carpentier. Currently the old house of La Rusa, is a small hotel. Show photos and belongings of this mysterious woman.

The Cave of Paradise Archaeological Museum.

This museum consists of several caves. They were cemeteries of the aborigines and has almost 2000 legitimate autochthonous pieces. Among which stand. Ceramics, skeletons and petroglyphs of 3000 years old. In addition to a replica of the Idol of tobacco. Found in 1903 in Maisi. Aboriginal piece very appreciated in the Caribbean.

Cocoa house.

In Baracoa, the chocolate city in Cuba will know the cultivation of cocoa. The chocolate is made in a local factory. In this café-museum its history and importance are remembered. In its charming interior cafe you can enjoy a tasty chocolate served in cups or bars of dark chocolate.

Trips to Cuba and other sites of interest in Baracoa.

Other places of interest are the Malecón de Baracoa and the Mirador La Gobernadora. Located 25 km on the highway Guantánamo to Baracoa.

Stone zoo, created by its own sculptor Ángel Iñigo in 1977. It consists of a set of animal sculptures, made of stone. Located in Yateras, in the San Lorenzo farm, it has more than 400 specimens. Declared Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Among the best known heights of the region are the Sugar Loaf. El Yunque is also well known, because of its resemblance to the piece used by the blacksmiths. Near the Pan de Azúcar mountain is the only semi-desert on the island. The coastal strip from Caimanera to Maisí. It is the area where it rains least in Cuba. Considered an authentic botanical garden, for its exuberant flora of cactus and xerophites.

Antonio Maceo and a group of patriots disembarked in Duaba Beach on April 1, 1895, declared a National Monument. José Martí and Máximo Gómez disembarked on April 11, 1895 in Playitas de Cajobabo, municipality of Imías. They were incorporated into the Necessary War, the last and decisive battle against colonialism. It also received the title of National Monument.

Traditional festivities of Baracoa.

trip to baracoa. beach duaba
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, Beach Duaba

The Week of the Culture of Baracoa takes place in commemoration of the disembarkation of Maceo in 1895. Between music, dances, food and drinks, its most genuine traditions are manifested. It ends with the pilgrimage on April 1st.

Trips to Cuba, Information in Baracoa.

Bookstores.

  • Name: Rubén López.
  • Address: José Martí No. 195.
  • Telephone: 21643867.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-15: 00. From Monday to Saturday.

Immigration.

  • Name: Immigration Office.
  • Address: West, between 14 and 15 North, Guantánamo.
  • Schedule. Monday, Wednesday and Friday 8: 00-19: 00. Tuesday 8:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.  Thursday and Saturday 8: 00-12: 00.

Internet access and telephones, ETECSA.

  • Name: ETECSA.
  • Telephone: 21643182/21645131.
  • Address: Maceo No. 138, corner Rafael Trejo.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-19: 00. From Monday to Saturday.

Library.

  • Name: Raúl Gómez García.
  • Address: Maceo No. 130.
  • Telephone: 21643300.
  • Schedule. 9: 00-17: 00. From Monday to Friday.

Healthcare for tourists in Trips to Cuba and Baracoa.

Municipal Hospital.

  • Address: Calle Bohorque.
  • Telephone: 21647100.
  • Schedule. 24 hrs.

Medical Service.

  • Address: Corner José Martí and Roberto Reyes.
  • Telephone: 21641037.
  • Schedule. 24 hrs.

International Pharmacy.

  • Address: Crombet, between Calixto García and Los Maceo.
  • Telephone: 21351129.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-17: 00.

Banks in Trips to Cuba and Baracoa.

Bank of Credit and Commerce BANDEC.

  • Address: Maceo No. 99, between October 10 and February 24.
  • Telephone: 21642218.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-15: 00. From Monday to Saturday.

CADECA Exchange House.

  • Address: Martí No. 241.
  • Telephone: 21645345.
  • Schedule. 9: 00-17: 00 from Monday to Saturday.

Popular savings bank BPA.

  • Address: José Martí No. 166.
  • Telephone: 21645209.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-15: 00. From Monday to Saturday.

Postal services.

trip to baracoa. yumurí river.
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, yumurí River.
  • Name: Post Office.
  • Address: Antonio Maceo No. 136.
  • Telephone: 21642415.
  • Schedule. 8: 00-15: 00. From Monday to Saturday.

What things to do in Trips to Cuba. Baracoa.

Visit the particular places of this site, choose the ones of your preference. In our excursions link you will find the best ones.

Private houses and hotels in Trips to Cuba.

Feel tempted to stay in the primate city. Click on our Hotel and Private Houses link and choose according to your wishes:

Restaurants in Baracoa.

La Punta Fortress.

Address: Fortaleza La Punta, Telephone: 21641480.

It is located northwest of the city. Place where the fortress is located in the 20th century, forming part of the defense system. With the main objective of monitoring the entrance of the port. In a pleasant and fresh environment offers well-prepared and presented dishes. Beautiful and historic surroundings with musical accompaniment.

Good taste.

trip to baracoa. good taste restaurant.
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, Good Taste Restaurant.

Address: Calixto García No. 134, altos, Telephone: 21641400.

Is located on a busy terrace at the top. It offers a cordial service, meals that contain salads, soups and side dishes. Invites you to taste typical dishes from Baracoa. Swordfish in coconut sauce, bacán and chocolate desserts.

Las Terrazas Restaurant – Hostal Nilson.

Address: Flor Crombet No 143, between Ciro Frías and Pelayo Cuervo, Telephone: 21643123.

Terrace of this peculiar Baracoense where they serve delicious meals of the place. You cannot miss the exquisite fish with coconut milk, the tasty octopus in its ink with basil. You can also taste homemade stewed patacón.

Golden Coffee.

trip to baracoa. the golden coffee
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa, The Golden Coffee.

Address: Martí No 171, Telephone: 52385316.

This simple and pleasant private cafe has on its menu pizzas, sandwiches and refreshing drinks.

Trip to Cuba. Where to do the shopping in Baracoa.

If you are looking for small works of art, you can find them at Mirarte workshop. Artex sells souvenirs and gifts.

Trips to Cuba. Nightlife in Baracoa.

Victorino Rodríguez Trova House.

Address: Antonio Maceo No 149 A.

It is the house of the trova with more atmosphere, small, lively and curious of Cuba. In the evenings changüí-son is dancing. With mojito in hand and enjoy the show.

The Ranchón.

trip to baracoa. the culture house.
Trips to Cuba. Baracoa,  The Culture House.

Phone: 21642364.

This notorious restaurant has its excellent establishment at the top of the hill. It offers disco and salsa music. You arrive walking by a long set of stairs in the western part of Coroneles Galeano.

Culture House.

Address: Antonio Maceo No 124, between Frank País and Maraví. Telephone: 21642364.

Exhibits an extensive variety of shows, including the tasty rumba. That concentrates the classic styles of the guaguancó, yambú and columbia.

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